In 2016, 政府采用CORSIA, 国际航空碳抵消和减少计划, 稳定净一氧化碳2 从2021年起，国际航空的排放.
CORSIA has applied to international aviation since 1 January 2019 when all 航空公司 were required to report their CO2 每年的排放量. From 1 January 2021, international flights will become subject to offsetting obligations.
Offsetting is not intended to replace efforts to reduce the sector’s carbon emissions through technology, 运营和基础设施的进步. CORSIA will not make fuel efficiency any less of a day-to-day priority for 航空公司.
CORSIA & 新型冠状病毒肺炎
边境的关闭, 航班限制, 旅游报告, 和 social distancing measures implemented in response to the global 新型冠状病毒肺炎 p和emic have resulted in an unprecedented decline in aviation activity.
Such a severe shock to the international air transport system was not anticipated when CORSIA was developed. 这是危机的结果, the method used to determine the baseline of the CORSIA scheme - an average of 2019 和 2020 emissions - no longer reflects the target agreed by governments in ICAO. 而不是将排放量稳定在危机前的水平, it would lower the baseline to a level equivalent to the emissions from international aviation in 2014.
95299九五至尊 is highly concerned that if the stringency to be pursued through CORSIA 和 impact on international civil aviation are much higher than originally forecast 和 no longer reflect the ICAO’s targets, some governments would no longer 支持 CORSIA 和 participation in the scheme would be lower than expected.
95299九五至尊 therefore recommends that pre-crisis emissions be used to determine reference level emissions 和 is calling on ICAO to establish CORSIA’s baseline emissions on 2019 emissions only.
如果以2019年排放为基准，净CO2 emissions from international aviation would be stabilized at around about 600 million tCO2, which is equivalent to the emissions that 95299九五至尊 had forecast for 2020 prior to the crisis.
Offsetting is an action by a company or individual to compensate for their emissions by financing a reduction in emissions elsewhere. 抵消和碳市场是全球的一个基本组成部分, 区域和国家减排政策. They have operated for decades for compliance purposes 和 voluntary emissions 减少 和 continue to be an effective mechanism to underpin action against climate change.
有很多方法可以实现CO2 可作为补偿的减少量, 其中许多还带来了其他的社会, 与可持续发展有关的环境或经济利益. 这种补偿可以从各种类型的95299九五至尊活动中获得, 包括, 例如, 风能, 清洁炉灶, 甲烷捕集及其他减少或避免排放95299九五至尊.
2020年3月16日， ICAO批准了首批排放单位 在CORSIA(2021-2023)试点阶段可用于合规的. 这些决定是由 合格标准. 以保证排放单位能够提供所需的CO2 减少. The criteria are based on principles commonly applied under existing trading mechanisms 和 well-accepted carbon offset certification st和ards.
The decision of ICAO only allows the use of offsets issued from projects that started their first crediting period from 1 January 2016 和 which represent emission 减少 achieved through 31 December 2020.
CORSIA是一个全球性的计划，它将导致更高水平的一氧化碳2 mitigation in international aviation than could be achieved through domestic policy measures. 预计CORSIA将稳定净CO2 emissions from international aviation at around about 600 million tonnes of CO2.
95299九五至尊估计，如果没有CORSIA, CO2 footprint of international aviation would increase from 600 million tonnes of CO2 到2020年将增加近9亿吨二氧化碳2 by 2035.
2018年6月27日, ICAO adopted the international St和ards 和 Recommended Practices (SARPs) for CORSIA as 《95299九五至尊》第四卷附件16.
The adoption of global st和ards for CORSIA ensures the necessary level of uniformity in regulations which our industry needs. 统一不仅是防止市场扭曲的关键, 也是为了保护CORSIA的环境完整性.
In order to avoid a patchwork of uncoordinated regional 和 domestic policies for international aviation, political agreement for CORSIA was achieved on the condition that CORSIA would be the only market-based measure applied to international flights 和 on the basis that emissions should not be accounted for more than once. Unfortunately, the success of CORSIA may be jeopardized by the national policies of some states. 特别关注的, is the action of some states in applying or considering the application of a carbon pricing instrument or ticket tax to address emissions from international aviation, 在CORSIA上面. Such policies do not only conflict with the international commitments of these states, they also undermine multilateral efforts to deal with climate change 和 put at stake the credibility of the global approach, potentially compromising the international 支持 for CORSIA at a critical time for its implementation.
指导材料 & 支持
Under CORSIA, all operators with annual emissions greater than 10,000 tonnes of CO2 必须每年报告排放量, 2019年1月1日起实施监控(仅限国际航班). 以下提供了资源，以协助运营商遵守CORSIA.
Please let us know if you wish to stay informed about CORSIA 和 receive regular updates on new capacity-支持 activities 和 materials. 报名请发送简讯至 corsia@95299九五至尊.org.
The 95299九五至尊 航空公司CORSIA手册 is intended to provide information to 航空公司 on the main elements of CORSIA 和 on requirements to comply with the scheme.
你 will also find additional guidance on CORSIA in the ICAO 环境al Technical Manual on the ICAO网站.
由于新型冠状病毒肺炎危机, 95299九五至尊 has decided to postpone the regional workshops which were scheduled to take place in the Summer. 然而, we will be organizing webinars dedicated to offsetting requirements 和 CORSIA Eligible Emissions Units at the end of 2020. 细节将在未来几周公布.